Welcome to the first post in my Back-To-Basics series. My goal is to have a new topic up each week, but today we're starting with.....
If you don't have any food storage at all, I urge you (silently begging you) to get your water storage done today!!
- 2-liter soda bottles, juice bottles, laundry detergent bottles....NOT milk containers...they will break down and leak. Clean the soda and juice bottles with soapy water, or a small amount of bleach, and let air dry. Fill them with tap water and they are good to go. The detergent bottles will store water used for cleaning. Make sure to mark them clearly as WATER.
- Mason jars that aren't being used at the time.
- Smaller water bottles that come in 24 packs are great for everyday water needs.
- 5-Gallon water jugs, with a spigot
- Water bricks (look online)
- 55-gallon water barrels
- Lakes, streams, rivers in your area
- Water heaters
- Toilet tanks (not the bowl!)
- Rain barrels
- Liquid from canned foods
- Melted ice from your freezer
- Pools & spas, but use it for cleaning only!
- NOT a water bed!!
- Filter the water through a coffee filter, t-shirt, or any clean cloth.
- If you have a heat source, boil the water for a minute, but let cool down completely before adding the bleach.
- If you have clear water add 1/8 t-1/4 t (8-16 drops) of bleach and shake/stir. Use 1t for 5 gallons of water. Double the amount for cloudy water. Make sure the bleach doesn't have any added perfumes or dyes. (1/8 t per 2-liter bottle)
- Wait 30 minutes.
- The water must smell like bleach to be safe to drink. If is doesn't smell of bleach, repeat step 3.
- Boil water for at least one minute. Water is purified the minute it reaches the boiling point, but if you let it boil for 1 minute, you'll be safe.
- Make sure to filter the water first if it is cloudy or has debris in it.
- Let it cool before drinking. Boiling does leave a taste to the water. Add oxygen back in it by pouring it between two containers before drinking.
Calcium Hypochlorite: AKA "Pool Shock"
- 1lb bag will treat 10,000 gallons of water.
- C.H. doesn't degrade like bleach does
- Only buy the granular type...not the liquid...it will degrade.
- 1 gallon bag will treat 1 gallon of water per day for a family of 4 or 6-7 years.
- First make a chlorine solution of 1 C. of water and 1/4 t of C. H. (78%)*, mix until dissolved and DO NOT DRINK THIS SOLUTION! It will be used to purify your water.
- Add a 1/2 t of chlorine solution to 2 gallons of water. Stir or shake.
- Let sit for one hour minimum before drinking.
- Calcium hypochlorite can be found in pool supply stores, or where ever pool supplies are sold. (I found some at Wal-Mart)
- *C.H. does come in different strengths. The store brands are usually about 52% and the stronger stuff, 78%-99% will be found at pool supply stores. If you use the lower percentage you might need to purify the water more then once.
- buy a solar shower to conserve water when bathing
- use spray bottles for hand washing....one bottle has soapy water and another bottle has clean water to rinse hands with
- keep sanitizers in your storage for cleaning hands in times when water isn't really needed
- use the juices from canned goods in cooking
- use cups and a large container of water to dispense drinks. If you hand out water bottles to everyone, they will drink part of it and most likely waste the rest. Picture your campsite/bug out spot full of the same water bottles and no one knows whose is whose. (pack a sharpie to write names with your water supply)